Informative plattform of International Federation of Film Societies- Féderation Internationalle des Ciné-clubs- Federación Internacional de Cine Clubes
Although there is not a written history of the film societies movement, people were used to consider that cineclubs began in the twenties, after the Louis Delluc’s Journal du Cinéclub. In fact, that was a revue that promoted sparse events with film exhibitions. Undoubtedly, the namecinéclub –which is much older (the first film theater in Paris, the Omnia Pathé, had one ciné-club, but it was a gathering of the so called industry, to promote the new business) – spread not only in France but all over the world during that third decade of the century, but the actual activity has its roots long before. The recognition of cineclubism after those societies founded by Delluc or Riciotto Canudo is probably explained by the fact that they were led by and directed to cultivated people, and their activities could be translated into rich speeches or cultivated texts, and their screenings frequented by important personalities. These “qualities” made then recognizable by the Academy.But cineclubs have their roots far before that. Specially among workers clubs and societies, the use of magic lanterns to illustrate conferences and debates was common since the last quarter of the nineteenth century. With the arrival of the cinematograph, it was quickly adopted to promote mutual aid, cultural enhancement and entertainment among workers, immigrants and the community in general. Rapidly it evolved from a tool to improve discussions to the center of the discussions. And that was cineclubism.The commemoration of our centenary is based on the first well documented organization that associated people in a democratic way to see, discuss and even produce film. In 1913, in Paris , was created the Cinema du People – the People’s Cinema: an anarchist cooperative organized to create a people’s cinema, since commercial films seemed to only distract, mislead and alienate people. Their motto, which didn’t lose any actuality, was: To Entertain, Educate and Emancipate!To present and discuss the historical aspects of this century of cineclubism and its relations to the history of moving images, this round table will be led by Michel Marie, film historian and theorist of international recognition, from the Sorbonne University; Germain Lacasse, specialist in oral practices in the cinema device, from the University of Montréal, and Felipe Macedo, whose studies focus on public and cineclubism, and is director of the Memorial da América Latina of São Paulo and Gabriel Rodriguez from UNAM, mexican researcher of the History of film society movement.